Ancient Skeptics: Some ancient skeptics deny that wisdom can be a path toward happiness. For them complete ignorance was the only path to happiness. How could they think this? Are they contradicting themselves by implying that they aren’t ignorant about happiness, or perhaps they were all unhappy?
Cosmopolitanism, Pluralism, and Human Dignity: Pluralism is a controversial thesis fundamental to a prominent form of Cosmopolitanism. The thesis affirms that “there are many values worth living by” but denies that all values are worth living by.